The Nature of Intellectual Styles (Educational Psychology)
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Received Nov 20; Accepted Dec 8. This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. Abstract In the 20th century, a large number of psychological theories of intellectual styles were developed. Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article doi Keywords: Choice of style theories, Types of categorizations of styles theories, Styles in practice. Introduction During the second half of the 20th century, a large number of psychological theories of intellectual styles were developed. The included reviews and summary works The included reviews and summary works Curry ; Messick ; Schmeck ; Jonassen and Grabowski ; Rayner and Riding ; Sternberg and Grigorenko ; Coffield et al.
Proposed taxonomy of categorizations Type A.
The Nature of Intellectual Styles (Educational Psychology) (Educational Psychology Series)
Co-ordinate categorization of style theories with reference to sorting Categories are defined as separate co-ordinate categories there is no hierarchical relationship between the categories , so that a sorting of the theories of styles into these categories is achieved with the categorization. Type B. Hierarchical categorization of style theories with reference to taxonomy Categories are hierarchically constructed around one or more key characteristics of the theories, so that with the categorization, a taxonomy in relation to which theories of styles may be categorized is set up.
Type C. Hierarchical categorization of individual styles across theories with reference to taxonomy Categories are hierarchically constructed around several key characteristics of individual styles, so that a sorting of individual styles across theories into a notional over-taxonomy is achieved with the categorization, so to speak. Type A co-ordinate categorizations with the classical disciplines of psychology as their point of departure It is apparent that a number of the analyzed reviews Jonassen and Grabowski ; Rayner and Riding ; Sternberg and Grigorenko ; Coffield et al.
Table 1 Co-ordinate type A categorizations of theories of style with the classical disciplines of psychology as their common categories.
Open in a separate window. Figure 1. Coffield et. Table 2 Extract of Coffield et al. Families of learning styles — description a Example theories b 1. Learning styles and preferences are largely constitutionally based including the four modalities VAKT visual, audio, kinesthetic, tactile Learning styles Dunn and Dunn Mind styles Gregorc ; Hemisphere dominance Torrance in Torrance et al.
Learning styles are one component of a relatively stable personality type Personality types Myers-Briggs in Myers and McCaulley 4. Learning styles are flexible stable learning preferences Learning styles Kolb Decision making styles Kirton 5. Type C hierarchical categorization across theories of styles with reference to taxonomy As early as , Messick stated that if an agreement of a core understanding of cognitive style could be reached within the field of theories of styles, it would be possible to lay down different types of style dimensions.
The three style types …. Learning approach Deep Surface Achieving b. Mode of thinking Holistic Analytic Integrative d. Mind style Concrete random Concrete sequential Abstract random, Abstract sequential f. Decision-making style Innovation Adaptation g.
Conceptual tempo Reflectivity Impulsivity h. Structure of intellect Divergent thinking Convergent thinking i. Perceptual style Field-independence Field-dependence j. Type I intellectual styles I. Type II intellectual styles I. Closing remarks The different types of categorizations of theories of styles proposed may provide practitioners with useful information on the overall orientation of theories as well as stability, pedagogical amenability of different styles in connection with the intended use of styles in pedagogical work or other areas of practice. Footnotes Competing interests The author declares that there are no competing interests.
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In: Scheerer C, et al. Theory, Research, Promise. The Malleability of Intellectual Styles. London: Cambridge University Press; A threefold model of intellectual styles. Educ Psychol Rev. Handbook of Intellectual Styles. Preferences in Cognition, Learning, and Thinking. New York: Springer Publishing Company; Articles from SpringerPlus are provided here courtesy of Springer-Verlag.
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Perception styles Witkin Conceptual tempo Kagan Intellectual structure Guilford Learning styles are one component of a relatively stable personality type.
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